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Citrus fruit

Have you ever wondered what a rich assortment of citrus fruits are presented? The list, of course, is not infinite, but it is very long. Each variety has its own unique taste, unusual appearance and application. One thing that unites all types of citrus is the incredible smell of flowers and fruits. Fruits vary in color, shape, flesh, and brightness of taste, but a bright aroma is their calling card.

It is believed that representatives of the citrus family were formed as a result of interspecific crossing. Some citrus fruits are obtained naturally, others appeared thanks to the work of breeders. The progenitors of citrus are lime, Mandarin, citron and pomelo. Various combinations of properties and qualities of these fruits have created a variety of sweet and sour, Sunny citrus fruits.

This citrus is a successful hybrid of Mandarin, grapefruit and orange. J. Sharpe grafted the stalk of an unsightly plant with a sour orange and got a fruit that was superior in sweetness. He continued the inoculation until he brought out a sugar variety with a minimum number of seeds. 15-20 years after the first experiment, Agli became popular in Europe. Today, the citrus fruit is grown in Jamaica and Florida from December to April.

The name comes and means "ugly". We can safely say that this is the case when you should not judge by appearance. Yellowish-green wrinkled skin with large pores and orange spots hides a juicy, sweet flesh. Citrus fruit is easy to clean and divided into orange slices with a pleasant bitterness. The taste can be imagined as a combination of the sweetness of Mandarin with a noble note of bitterness of grapefruit.

It's hard to believe, but the citrus fruit familiar from childhood is a hybrid of Mandarin and pomelo. The plant was first discovered as early as 2500 years before our era. Its homeland is China, where hundreds of years later the fruit spread to European countries. For this, the orange is also called a Chinese Apple. The orange round fruit is protected by a dense rind that hides large grains of flesh.


It is known that lemon and orange are the most consumed and common citrus fruits. Unlike its sour counterpart, Sunny fruit is often eaten in its natural form, and is also used in cooking for making candied fruits, salads, desserts, marmalade, jam, as a filling in chocolate candies and pastries. You can not keep silent about the delicious orange juice, which is one of the most popular drinks in the world.

In addition to the usual, orange, there are blood oranges. They look very exotic, they are often called kings. Citrus fruits owe their unusual name to the red pulp: from light to rich. It's about the anthocyanin pigment and its concentration in various varieties. Externally, the Kingfisher is similar to an orange, differs in smaller sizes and spots of red-orange color on the porous skin. The flesh contains almost no seeds. The slices are easily separated from each other.

The fruit is a natural mutation of an orange and is similar to it in taste. Red citrus is eaten fresh or used for salads, cocktails, and sweet desserts. Rich juice looks attractive. In Mediterranean countries, most varieties of blood fruit are grown. The most famous of them are: Moro, sanguinello and Tarocco.


Aromatic bergamot is a descendant of bitter orange (orange) and lemon. The birthplace of the fruit is considered to be Southeast Asia. It is named after the Italian city of Bergamo, where citrus was domesticated.

Pear-shaped, rounded fruit of dark green color is protected by a dense wrinkled skin. Due to the specific bitter-sour taste, fresh fruit is not often eaten. It is used for making marmalade and candied fruits, flavoring teas and confectionery. Essential oil with a pleasant refreshing aroma is used in perfumery.


A citrus fruit native to India, the descendant of citron and lemon. Looks like a round, road lemon. When rubbed, the leaves exude a delicious smell similar to the spice of ginger and the freshness of eucalyptus. The yellow-sand smooth rind covers a pale, almost transparent, acidic flesh with numerous small bones. Thanks to the spicy taste, Ghanima is a popular ingredient marinades in Indian cooking.

Scientists have long argued about what citrus fruits were the ancestors of grapefruit. In the end, it is believed that this is a natural hybrid of orange and pomelo. First, the plant was discovered in Barbados in 1650, and later in Jamaica, in 1814. Today, citrus has spread to most countries with a suitable subtropical climate. The name comes from the word "grape", which means "grapes". When ripe, the fruits of grapefruit gather close together, resembling clusters of grapes.

A large rounded fruit reaches 10-15 cm in diameter, weighs about 300-500 g. Under the dense orange shell, the flesh is hidden, divided by bitter partitions. This citrus variety is varied in the color of sweet grains: from yellow to rich red. It is believed that the redder the flesh, the tastier it is. The number of small bones is minimal, there are representatives with their complete absence.

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